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Sochi that is cool!

1-2 (2010)
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The residents of Sochi are «happy people». Russian elite has entered into the year of the most active Olympic building, convincing of it themselves and people around them.

«The scale of Olympic building in Sochi exempts me of necessity to do the big, long presentation of each object. It gives me the right to tell everyone shortly and clearly: it is cool!» — declared the prime minister of Russian Federation Vladimir Putin on February, 11th during a TV space bridge Sochi — Vancouver. The

head of Russian government expressed hope, that scope of works in the capital of XXII winter Games «will motivate national team to gain the most prestigious awards» in the capital of XXI winter Games. Alas, Russians, returned from Canada with light baggage… It is obvious: observers judged by the 2009, whether Russians were able to organise Olympic process correctly, whereas by 2010 they will judge how accurately and well-organized this process goes. By 2014 it is planned to construct 207 objects in Sochi, 14 of them sports objects. There should appear 260 km of highways, 105 km of the railway, 10 auto- and 11 railway tunnels, 47 bridges and overpasses, 384 km of a gas pipeline, 1 hydroelectric power station, 5 thermal power stations, 18 substations, treatment facilities…

The terms are sacred!

One of the key infrastructural projects for the Games-2014 is cargo seaport «Imeretinsky», which is meant for transshipment of Olympic cargoes and is built on the basis of the private-state partnership: the customers from the state are Federal Agency of Sea and River transport and Federal State Unitary Enterprise «Ros-morport», and the customer from business — the company «Basovy element». In the night from 13th to 14th ofJanuary, the storm washed away three of 15 constructed sections of a pier, which should have protected a bay, and five more sections were torn. The unloading platform «Irbis» costing, according to some information, about 4 million euro, and also some erecting cranes sank. Already constructed moorings were damaged. The head of the company Oleg Deripaska informed that in April, 2010 they are going to finish recovery work and to put in operation the first stage of port with capacity of 2 million tons, and the second, with capacity of 3 million tons — in December.

Not less important object for the Games-2014 is the combined highway and railway Adler — mountain resort «Alpika-Service». For three years it is planned to construct on the combined road 28 bridges, 28 double-level and 59 road overpasses, 12 tunnels. The Russian Railway will spend more than 250 billion roubles on it. Other notable events — the beginning of reconstruction of the Sochi sea trading port with creation of a coastal infrastructure. The total amount of investments can exceed 13 billion roubles. According to the forecast, reconstruction will be finished completely by April, 2013.

Waiting for the investor.

Vladimir Putin does not deny, that crisis affected the preparation for the Olympic Games: the process of attraction of private investments appeared not to be so simple, as it had been planned. «Nevertheless, we have already attracted half-trillion roubles», — the prime minister is glad. The largest investors are state corporations still. Vhesheconombank will finance six Olympic projects with total cost of more than 100 billion roubles, «Interros» will invest in the Sochi projects$2 billion.«Russian railways» designed and constructed Olympic objects for total sum of 48,8 billion roubles only last year. However, today «20-30% of commercial objects planned for the Olympic Games are waiting for the investor».

Russian companies — to the Olympic Games

Russian «RZhDstroy» and Austrian Alpine BAU have founded joint venture «Alpine-RZhDstroy» for realisation of special infrastructural projects in Russia, Austria and other countries. «Alptranzit Brenner Baulos 1 — Grundausruustung» tunnel in Tirole and two tunnels in Sochi will be the first projects. The authorised capital of the enterprise makes 200 thousand

By 2010 OAO «Kubanenergo», within the framework of preparation for the Olympic Games, plans to put into operation three substations — «Bytkha», «Rod-nikovaya» and «Vishnyovaya» with capacity 110 kW each.

In the first half of 2010 the company «Main electric South networks» begins building of three substations in the Sochi region — «Vesyoloye», «Ledovy Dvorets» and «Mzymta» with capacity 110 kW each.

In 2010 OAO «UTK» will invest in development of Sochi telecommunication infrastructure over 140 million roubles — it is 2,8 times more, than in 2009.

«Each rouble — for business».

According to Dmitry Medvedev, «Sochi-2014» is one of three buildings side by side with Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in Vladivostok in 2012, and Student Games in Kazan in 2013, which «are watched by all country». «It is natural, there are questions: whether money are used in a proper way. Therefore, everything that is connected with such buildings, should be in sphere of special control. Each rouble should be spent for business», — declared the president at a January meeting with management of Chamber of Accounts of Russian Federation. In 2010 it is planned to put into operation about 30 objects of Olympic building. And, already by the end of 2012, Preolympic test competitions will be held on some of them. According to the mayor of Sochi Anatoly Pakhomov, the residents do not grumble. «About 70% of our population approve the project of Olympic building. Our city will get the great heritage, and the residents understand it clearly. Residents of Sochi are happy people», — the mayor dared to declare.

We say «Sochi» — but mean «Vancouver»

«The climate of Sochi Olympic Games will be in many respects similar to Vancouver, — has told the leading expert of the FOBOS Center Vadim Zavodchenkov to»Interfax-Yug" agency. He has calculated average day temperature of second half of February in Vancouver and in Sochi for all years of observing and got accordingly +8 and +10. Thus. he has noticed, that there is big variability of a temperature mode and big temperature dispersion in future Olympic capital.

«We need modern engineering decisions»

Dmitry Medvedev, the president of Russian Federation:

 — At designing of Olympic objects it is necessary to use the advanced methods and engineering decisions. It concerns both architectural projects, and town planning. Till now many of applied methods remain at the level of standard projects of 1970th. And, of course, Olympic projects should be attractive for private investments. It is a key thing, especially in sphere of transport communications, energy, at building of treatment facilities and hotel economy. The basic problem of Caucasus is the employment of population. It is necessary to use regional manpower resources to the maximum. I would like special report on this theme to be prepared, and vice-premier Dmitry Kozak to take the control over these processes.

«The main danger is a hole in a budget»

Leonid Kazinets, the first vice-president of Association of builders of Russia:

— The greatest danger, which can appear at misuse of the objects constructed for the Olympic Games, is that we will get a hole in a budget: object operation makes 6% of its cost. And for several years we should spend as much, as we had spent on building. Therefore, the first and the most important thing is to realise the necessity of handing over those objects. which haven't find their commercial investor, to qualified managers. There are a lot of forms of private-state partnership, concessions etc., which we should use — not to get empty hotels and stadiums then. And the earlier we will get these structures involved, the better it will be for the future Sochi, even if they are ready to invest 5-10% for today.

«The volume of private investments has grown»

Alexander Pochinok, the member of Krasnodar Federation Council of Russian Federation:

— I can not tell, that under the influence of crisis, plans of Olympic building were changed — it was changed the «filling» of some objects. In 2008 it was not absolutely clear, how hotels, the main kernel of Olympic objects, would look like. In 2009 the clearness has appeared, and we have seen the beginning of their building. Completion of projects has been useful also. Their financing is stable, and the reduction of assignments is not planned. Unlike 2008, the volume of private investments into Sochi has grown. «Gornaya Karusel», «Rosa Khutor», cargo seaport are constructed at the expense of business … At the same time, the states share is great. World experience teaches us: the state should invest into infrastructure. Crisis will pass — infrastructural objects will cost much, and the state will sell them advantageously.

«Imeretinskaya valley is not the «Rechnik»

Sergey Stepashin, the chairman of Chamber of Accounts of Russian Federation:

— We focus on ecology and on making Sochi really European city — and not because of crazy and jacked up prices in hotels,, but because of quality of resort. Because of crisis the questions connected with ecology of Sochi, were slowed down. Though, initially, the task was not only to prepare the Olympic Games, but also, by their means, to make Sochi the best resort in the world. Among other important questions is the resettlement of people from the Imeretinskaya valley, where a number of sports objects are going to be constructed. It would not be like «Rechnik» (ill-fated cottage settlement in Moscow, sentenced to be pulled down. — «Reporter» comments). I hope, nothing will be broken this way in Sochi. Also, the Chamber of Accounts will control indemnity payments to the citizens, compelled to leave their houses, and the use of the Olympic Games objects after the ending.


Author: Maksim Fyodorov, Irina Rodina