According to calculations, only for building of Olympic objects in Sochi we have to deliver about 2,2 million tons of cement, 11 million cubic metres of crushed stone and gravel, 6,8 million cubic metres of sand, 642 million pieces of brick. As much will be spent on building of houses, hotels and other real estate.
Meanwhile, local building complex doesn't have its own capacities. The key regional enterprises are not only producing scanty volumes, but also have out-of-date basic assets. The Sochi factory of ferroconcrete items is depreciated for 75-97%, the Sochi factory of building materials for 73-85%, «Kurort» concern for 80-90%, «Sochinerud» for 80-90%. So, the investments into branch of building materials in the south of Russia look quite reasonable.
Crushed stone. According to the experts, it is required 120 million cubic metres of crushed stone for building of Olympic objects and infrastructure, first of all highways and railways. The director of researches of Abarus Market Research company Vera Nikolskaya considers, that we will have to import non-metallic materials from other federal regions, first of all from Privolzhsky region. Ukraine can contribute its mite. Abkhazia has already begun the deliveries, this year in May it reduced the rate of the export custom duty on inert materials more than for 50%. According to the president of Abkhazia Sergey Bagapsh, the republic can supply Sochi with 35 40 million cubic metres of crushed stone. The forecast of the speaker of the State Duma Boris Gryzlov is even more optimistic 100 million cubic metres. Both separate players, and the whole regions are developing new capacities. Krasnodar region, the owner of the Games, is the most active. From the beginning of 2009 there were put into operation four crushing-and-sorting complexes.The largest crushed stone project was realised in Kurganinsky area by «Vybor» company: its annual productivity 2 million cubic metres, cost 0,5 billion roubles. The capacity of crushing-and-sorting complex, introduced by company «Ba-zelCement» in the Alagirsky sand-gravel mix deposits in the North Ossetia Alania, makes 1,35 million tons of crushed stone a year. In total, the republic has the approved sand-gravel mix stocks in volume of more than 250 million cubic metres, foretasted resources are estimated at level of 600 million cubic metres.
Cement. Analysts are unanimous in an estimation: now a share of consumption of cement by Olympic objects and infrastructure does not exceed 5% from total consumption in Southern Federal district. However, the sum will seriously grow in the next two years, when the volumes of Sochi building will increase. «Novoroscement» has already begun building of a technological line on a modern (dry) way of manufacture of cement at the factory in Verhnebakansky village, Krasnodar region. Its productivity 2,2 million tons a year, volume of investments 11,4 billion roubles. If «Novoroscement» projects are realised, the capacity of the enterprise will increase up to 6,3 million tons a year. In 2010 «BazelCement» is going to invest 11 billion roubles in new cement works in Tuapse. Prospective terms of its building one year, estimated capacity 1,8 million tons a year. The same year Russian-Chinese Norinco International Cooperation Ltd will begin building of the cement factory in Buinaksk, capable to make about 3,6 million tons a year. «Inteco» will give to «Verhnebakansky cement factory» 13,3 billion roubles for building of a new line. At successful realisation of the project its capacity will grow 9 times.
Metal. According to president of Russian Union of Metal Suppliers Alexander Romanov, Sochi will need not less than 2-2,5 million tons of metal products. Now about 50% of metal being sold in region is delivered from Turkey and Ukraine, a considerable quantity of scrap iron goes in the opposite direction over Krasnodar region ports. Meanwhile, Olympic objects can manage with domestic metal, first of all from Siberia and Ural Mountains domestic giants «Mechel», «Evraz», ÌÌÊ, «Severstal» not once offered their services. «Severstal» already provides Sochi with metal roll. «Spetzmorstroy» company uses it at port construction, and «Mostotrest» at building of highway interchanges, «UGSK» at driving of tunnels,«Transyuzhstroy» at the railways construction. Certainly, «Evraz», producing 75% of the Russian rails, will not stay away from railway building.
Brick. According to experts forecasts, we shouldn't wait opening of the new large brick factories aiming at the Olympic Games almost all operating players have already increased capacities. In 2007 at factory «Slavyansky kirpich» (Slavyansky district of Krasnodar region) the new technological line by capacity of 20 million facing bricks a year was opened. In 2008 the Markinsky brick factory (a city of Shakhty of Rostov region) by capacity of 60 million facing bricks a year, and in 2009 «Slavyansky factory» (the city of Slavyansk-on-Kuban of Krasnodar region) by capacity of 120 million pored brick a year are put into operation. OAO «Novokubansky kirpichny zavod». OOO «Fabrica Keramicheskih izdeliy» and OOO Gubsky kirpichny zavod" of Krasnodar territory, OAO «Donskoy kirpich», OAO «Shahtinsky kirpichny zavod» and «Sal-sky kirpichny zavod» of the Rostov region became the most successful companies making a brick, in Southern Federal region.
Iron advantages of sea transport
In spring it became known that «Olympstroy» reduced volume of cargoes, which is planned to be delivered to Olympic building in 2010 by railway, from 18,6 million to 10,4 million tons. According to Transport management of the Olympic games, from 2010 to 2013 about 53 million tons of cargoes should be delivered in Sochi, and this volume has not been corrected yet. It is noticed that the port «Sochi Imeretinsky» will accept vessels with import shipment up to 4 thousand tons equipment, cargoes in containers and boxes. Also it will accept overall goods, which are inconvenient to be transport by train or by car.