«Reporter» has made the list of top-50 largest sports projects of the South of Russia. The total amount of investments into them exceeds 105 billion roubles. The lion's share of means is intended for objects of the winter Olympic Games in Sochi, stadiums for the World football championship 2018, and multifunctional sports centers.
50 largest projects of sports buildings, which are being designed or constructed in Rostov, Volgograd, Astrakhan regions, in Krasnodar and Stavropol territories now, are included in rating. According to the «Reporter's» research, the South Russian market of designing of sports
objects is one of the greatest in the country. In 2011, there will be constructed objects for the sum about 21 billion roubles, according to the ready projects,. There is the majority of the Olympic objects on the way, their delivery is planned for 2012, further there is «Formula-1» track and new stadiums for the World football championship 2018, not taking into account less scale, but significant regional objects. In total, we have to draw more than 84 billion roubles. Considering, that the average designers' fee is 5%, market capacity of designing of sports objects in money terms makes about 4 billion roubles. Except for 14 objects for winter sports (13 for the Olympic Games in Sochi and 3 ice platforms), all other constructions in top-50 are meant for summer sports. Geographic distribution of the largest sports objects is predetermined by carrying out of the Olympic Games in Krasnodar territory: in this region there are projected and erected 29 objects, costing more than 78 billion roubles, in Stavropol territory 10 (more than 2 billion roubles), in Astrakhan and Volgograd regions 4 in each (about 2,8 and 10 billion roubles accordingly), in Rostov region 3 (more than 16 billion roubles). The most part of projects (45 constructions) presupposes new building, five objects will be reconstructed, four Olympic arenas Small Ice Arena, the Ice Palace of Sports and Ice Arena for Curling are dismountable.
The state initiatives
More than half of top-50 projects in the territory of the specified regions are realized within the limits of «Edinaya Rossiya» program on building of physical-health-improving complexes, and «500 swimming-pools» program. The analysis of intermediate results in country regions has shown, that building of such complexes according to initial plans and schedule goes in those territories, where regional sport committees have powers of the curator. The choice of the diligent contractor was important and difficult aspect. Despite economic difficulties, crisis has helped the further realization of the program. Federal, and later regional authorities (which initially had to finance building of objects 50 / 50) declared inadmissible to stop financing of social programs. According to estimates of the «Reporter», 24 objects were put into operation during program realization (till 2010). As well as before crisis, regional authorities, by which demands sports objects are being constructed, prefer universal and multifunctional projects there are about 20 of them in a rating, eight of them provide building of the pools, three of ice arenas.
Multifunctional constructions universal halls for struggle, boxing, volleyball, basketball and other sports, however, prevail. The part of sports objects is supervised by large regional project institutes. For example, multifunctional sports complex in Krasnodar was supported by State Unitary Enterprise «Tatinvestgrazhdanproekt», which had realized project of the Students Games in Kazan. The sports-entertainment complex for 8 thousand spectators in Rostov-on-Don is designed by ZAO «Bashkirgrazdanproekt». Cases, when designing and building are carried out by one company are frequent. So, «Engineering center Gorstroyproekt» erects two swimming pools in Volgograd. Sometimes, the designer, the contractor and the supplier of building materials unite in one person. The «Honco Sports» company (Russian «daughter» of American company Honco) realizes two projects in Stavropol territory the reconstruction of the sports center of track and field athletics in Stavropol and building of the Ice Palace in Nevinnomyssk. OOO «Rosinzhiniring project» (the part of «Rosinzhiniring» State Enterprise) carries out complex realization of the most expensive sports project in the south the «Combined complex for carrying out of competitions on cross-country skiing and biathlon, mountain Olympic village (1100 places), access highway, a ridge of Psekhako» costing 14,5 billion roubles. The company spent design and prospecting works, building of the first stage of object comes to an end.
The Central stadium for 40 thousand spectators will be the leading sports object in the Olympic Sochi and a dominant of the Olympic park in the Imeretinskaya valley. General building contractor is ZAO «Association INGEOKOM», a member of international consortium of designers. The stadium project was designed by the international architectural bureau Populous together with domestic «Mosproekt-4». Swiss Botta Management Group will operate a huge construction. According to the president of Botta Management Group, Charles Botta, the project of design of the Olympic stadium provides its easy restructure for World football championship in 2018. Dismountable tribunes of the top circles will allow to transform its capacity depending on the status of competitions from 25 to 45 thousand spectators. The president of «INGEOKOM», Alexander Rudnyak, is sure that «we will get the most up-to-date stadium in the world». The company acts as general contractor of the other Olympic object of Sochi. According to the project of State Unitary Enterprise «Mosprokct-4» it erects the Ice Palace for Figure Skating for 12 thousand spectators (total area 67,8 thousand sq. meters) in the Imeretinskaya valley. Building began in April, 2009. As «INGEOKOM» informs, the palace is going to be dismountable, that will allow to provide its Postolympic use. After the Games the building will be dismounted and transferred to other city where 60% of its details will be repeatedly used. Meanwhile, nobody called the cost of transferring of arenas. According to the general director of ZAO «Chelyabinsk Mine-Building Enterprise» Evgeniya Ponkratova it is more cheaply to erect two complexes in different regions, than to dismount, transport and mount one.
The original project had to be changed prior to the beginning of building of the Big Ice Arena for hockey for 12 thousand spectators in Imeretinskaya lowland in 2009. The management of the developer Omsk «Mostovik» doesn't hide that actually altered it, delivering the documentation to builders stage by stage. By results of additional geological and seismic researches the base type was changed: instead of pile monolithic on the natural basis, more optimum in seismic conditions of Imeretinskaya lowland. Because of more rational placing of communications and optimization of engineering systems, designers refused to use of a service floor and started essentially new scheme of fire compartments building division, that, in turn, allowed to correct and prove special fire specifications. And, at last, the constructive scheme of a dome was changed. Having kept arch geometry, three-flights floor was designed, that allowed to raise seismostability and to lower a project cost.
It was supposed, that the Rostov institute'Rostovgiproshakht" would become the designer of Small Ice Arena. It has was designed some years ago in the oval ellipse form. The general director of institute Valery Gurin confirmed: «We have considered remarks of experts and wishes of IIHF and the IOC» It is interesting, that under the head of «Olympstroy» of that time Semyonn Weinstock, only the Rostov project didn't undergo any changes and was left in original form. However, the builder OOO «UGMK-holding» preferred the architectural concept of Small Ice Arena of Italian architect Walter Pichler, which represents the flying puck twirled in a blizzard. Constructional changes were brought in the building project of bobsleigh track for 11 thousand spectators in mountain Olympic objects cluster. A principal cause for changes improving of safety for sportsmen. After tragical cases in Vancouver and Konigssee, the arrangement, that the maximum speed of bobs shouldn't exceed 135-137 km/ hour was reached at a stage of working out of mathematical bobsleigh track model in the Red Glade. Three counterslopes are provided for its limit.
Football as a call
The triumphal victory of the Russian application for World football championship in 2018, became one more sports call for designers. Big cities Krasnodar, Rostov-on-Don, Volgograd have joined in struggle for the right to get sports event of such scale. Concepts, presented by the main investors the Rostov region and Krasnodar territory are estimated at 10-12 billion roubles each. However, most likely, arenas would be designed by companies from other regions.
The stadium in Rostov-on-Don is supervised by «Inteks» (Investment group «Summa Capital») together with the international architectural bureau Populous, known for its work on the Central Stadium in Sochi. It is planned that the stadium on the left bank of the river Don becomes house arena for FC «Rostov» and will seat more than 40 thousand spectators. The Volgograd project of stadium provides seats for 45 thousand spectators, its cost is estimated at 5,5 7 billion roubles. The stadium concept was developed by project institute «Mo-sproeckt-2», according to the governor of the Volgograd region Anatoly Brovko. Krasnodar territory offered the project of stadium providing seats for 50 thousand spectators. The new stadium in Krasnodar is planned to be built near the Krasnodar water basin. It would become house arena for FC «Kuban'. The designer of the stadium hasn't been defined yet. The object will be erected within the limits of the private-state partnership. The co-owner of»Magnit" Sergey Galitsky will invest into building on 2,4 billion roubles it is 40% of investments, and other expenses will lay down on shoulders of the local budget and the state.
Top-50 sports objects projects of the South of Russia
Price, billion roubles
Price, billion roubles
The combined complex for carrying out of competitions on cross-country skiing and biathlon with seating capacity for 16 thousand spectators for each kind of competitions, mountain Olympic village (1100 seats)
Stadium for the World football championship-2018, Krasnodar
From 10000 to 12000
Stadium for the World football championship-2018,Rostov-on-Don
The Big Ice Arena for ice hockey with seating capacity for 12 thousand spectators, Sochi
Bobsleigh track with seating capacity for 11 thousand spectators with engineering protection and extra mains system, systems of water supply and sewerage, Sochi
OOO «SK Stroyprofi»
The central stadium with seating capacity for 40 thousand spectators, Sochi
Stadium for the World football championship-2018, Volgograd
From 5630 to 7037
Ice Palace of Sports for figure skating and short-track competitions with seating capacity for 12 thousand spectators, Sochi
GUP MNIIP «Mosproekt-4»
Architectural bureau TILKE GmbH & Co. KG
Small Ice Arena for hockey with seating capacity for 7 thousand spectators, Sochi
The covered skating center with seating capacity for 8 thousand spectators, Sochi